Keeping Eclectus Parrot As Pets In Nigeria (Facts and Care)

If you are looking for a parrot that has a distinct and clear voice with a wide range of vocabulary, then you should consider buying and keeping an eclectus parrot as pets.

Brief History of Keeping Eclectus Parrot as Pets

Eclectus parrot is unique in the parrot family for the distinct colour of the male and the female. The male has an emerald green plumage, while the female has a bright red and purple or blue plumage. The Eclectus parrot is native to the Solomon Islands, Sumba, New Guinea and nearby islands, northeastern Australia, and the Maluku islands. They usually travel in pairs or small flocks. The Eclectus parrot is also known as “Ekkies”, and the first observers thought the male and female were two different species. Statius Muller first described it in 1776, and today, there are about 10 identified subspecies, and 4 of them are sold as pets in the market.

Keeping Eclectus parrot as pet in Nigeria
Eclectus parrot is unique for the distinct colour of the male and the female.

The Eclectus parrot subspecies are classified based on their nativity, size, head colouration, and plumage brightness. The four subspecies popularly sold in the market are the Grand, the Vosmaeri, the Solomon Island, and the Red-sided. The scientific name for the Eclectus parrot is Eclectus Roratus. The name Eclectus is from the word eclectic because of the distinction between the male and female. The Eclectus parrots are much in many of their native areas that they are even considered pests. However, they are popular as pets because of their unique voice and ability to learn many words quickly. Some of them can learn a whole song and sing it so well that you would have to look again to be sure that it’s a bird singing. 

Quick facts about the Eclectus parrot

Before you bring Eclectus parrot as pets to your home, here are some quick facts about them that will leave you amazed:

  • The Eclectus parrot is the most sexually dimorphic of all the parrot species. This means that you can tell the difference between the male and female when using their feather’s colour. The male is emerald green, and the female is red. 
  • In the early 20th century, European scientists considered males and females as different species because of their colour. 
  • The native tribes’ people in New Guinea consider the feathers of the Eclectus as decorations. 
  • In contrast to most bird species, the female has a brighter colour than the male. The females are very territorial, and they spend most of their time in their nest, which they would defend with their life. It is suggested that the bright red colour of the females is to warn other birds to keep off from their nest while the green colour of the male is an adaptive feature for them to blend with the green colour of the forest leaf to avoid predators. 
  • In the wild, females spend most of their time in the nest defending their eggs while different males bring food for them. 
Keeping Eclectus parrots as a pet in Nigeria
The Eclectus parrot have an unusually long digestive tract and require high fibre and low fat.

Diet of the Eclectus

The diet of your bird is important as it necessary for growth and good health. Knowing the right food to give them will ensure that they stay active and healthy. In the wild, the main food of the Eclectus parrot is fruit. They also feed on wild figs, nuts, flowers, buds, and some seeds. The digestive tract of this bird is different from that of most other birds. They have an unusually long digestive tract and require high fibre and low fat. They don’t need much vitamin and mineral supplements as it can lead to abnormal behaviour. 

The diet of most other parrots consists mainly of pelleted food to meet their nutritional requirement. However, the Eclectus parrot’s main food is fruits and vegetables because of their high fibre tolerance. You can feed your Eclectus with various fruits such as mango, guava, grapes, papaya, and pomegranate. Pomegranate is one of their favourite fruits. You can also feed them with vegetables like carrots and lettuce and carbohydrates such as cooked pasta or grain bake. 

There are some other foods that you must avoid giving your Eclectus parrot. Avoid any food that contains an artificial dye, flavouring, or preservatives. This may be toxic for them or even cause them to lose the brightness of the beautiful colour. Make sure you keep their cage clean at all times to avoid the buildup of bacteria or contamination. 

Feed your bird two times every day. The first time in the morning and the second ration 1 to 2 hours before their bedtime. Their daily ration should be about 80 per cent fruits and vegetables, and the other can be parrot pellets. You can feed them with seeds and nuts occasionally as treats. Provide clean water for them at all times. 

Personality/Temperament

Eclectus parrot as pets is calm, very friendly and intelligent. They often act surprised when faced with new items or situations. This has made some people mistake the personality of this bird as a dull and shy bird. But the bird is neophobic and cautious when it sees new people or in an unfamiliar situation. That is why new pet owners will have to make the bird comfortable with them first before teaching it to talk. When Eclectus become familiar with the environment, they can be very playful and friendly. 

They are more intelligent than most parrot species, and you can easily teach them to mimic human voice or common sounds that they hear every day. They are very sensitive and may become depressed if not attended to. They do best where people interact with them every day. One of the common signs that they have been neglected is that they repeatedly tap their toe and flip their wings. They may even pluck out their feather with their beak. 

Females are more aggressive than males, especially during breeding. In the wild, females defend their nest with their lives, and they tend to exhibit such behaviour too at home. The males are more gentle and easier to train.

Keeping Eclectus parrots as a pet in Nigeria
Eclectus parrots are calm, friendly and intelligent birds.

Is the Eclectus parrot right for you and your family 

Before you bring home an Eclectus parrot, you need to be sure that it is right for you and your family. There are things you need to know to prepare for this pet before you bring them home. Eclectus are social, and they enjoy spending time with their owner. If you do not have the time to spend with your birds every day, then the Eclectus may not be for you. They get depressed easily when left alone, and you don’t want that for your bird. You also have to understand the nutritional requirement of the Eclectus. They feed majorly on fruits and vegetables, and you must be ready to provide it for them if you want them to do well.

They are not small, and that means that you have to provide a big accommodation for them. Their cage’s dimension should be at least 3 feet by 2 feet as the length and breadth and 4 feet as the height. Consider if you have a place to place this size of cage in your house before bringing them home. It would be best if you also placed the cage in a social place but not too noisy or busy as it may stress your parrot. Eclectus will make an excellent pet for you and your family. If you can meet these requirements, then the Eclectus is right for you and your family.

Life span and life expectancy

An Eclectus parrot is going to be your companion for a very long time, with a life expectancy of 30 years to 50 years. They may live with you for the rest of your life, depending on your age now, so be ready to spend a very long time with your winged-friend. 

Teaching your Eclectus parrot to talk


One of the reasons why parrots are popular pets is their ability to mimic human speech and other sounds. Therefore, every pet owner wants to see them talk someday. This does not come automatically, as you need to put some effort into it to see it happen. Eclectus parrot is one of the 3 best species you can train to talk. The other two species are the Amazons and African Greys. They are quick to learn, and their voice is clear, but you must spend time with them and start teaching them early. If they are new to your house, you have to make them comfortable with your presence and voice before training them successfully. 

Get a good environment free from distraction for your training. It is best to train them to talk early in the morning, although you can keep repeating some words throughout the day. Start by saying a word and repeating it until the Eclectus reply to you. Always try to associate every word with action as it helps the parrot understand very fast. For example, you can say, “you want some food” when you want to feed them. Also, you have to start with simple words and phrases until your parrot can repeat them. Very soon, they may be able to learn a whole song and sing for you. 

There is nothing as motivating as a good reward for every word that your parrot learns. Please give them a treat each time they learn to say a word successfully but do not punish them for any reason. They will become fearful and shy if you punish them. You can also use audio tools to record your voice and play to the parrot when you are not around. However, it would be best if you did not rely on this as it cannot be like you spending time with your parrot. 

Eclectus parrots as a pet in Nigeria
Eclectus parrots are not small birds. They require enough space to fly, climb, and stay busy. A single bird’s cage minimum size should be 3 feet by 2 feet for the floor and 4 feet high

How to care for your Eclectus parrot

Eclectus are generally strong, and you shouldn’t expect them to fall sick if you take good care of them. Here are some of the things that you can do to ensure that your pet is living in the best condition at all time:

1. Get the right size cage for your bird. They are not small birds, and they require enough space to fly, climb, and stay busy. A single bird’s minimum size should be 3 feet by 2 feet for the floor and 4 feet high. 

2. Exercise your bird often. You can allow them to fly 30 minutes before breakfast and another 30 minutes in the evening. This helps them socialize with you more and also keep them healthy.

3. Add toys, perches, and other things that will keep them busy in their cage—the chance of getting depressed to reduce when they are busy and have something to play with.

4. Clean their food and water dish daily to avoid the buildup of bacteria.

5. Feed them regularly with the right quantity of food and always provide clean water for them. 

Where to buy Eclectus parrot

You must lookout for a few things if you want to buy Eclectus parrot as pets. Don’t buy any birds that look sick or has ruffled feathers or dropping wings. Check their body for any sign of injury or swelling in the eyelid, as this can be a sign of disease. You can buy from a pet breeder or any local pet store. However, to save yourself from stress and make sure you are buying a healthy parrot, you should consider a site like pets-airways.com. You won’t only get the best bird, but Pet Lovers Nigeria will also provide you with useful information to raise your bird.

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