To understand the history of pugs in Nigeria, we will have to trace their importation from South Africa and Europe mostly.
This exercise will also take us back to China! Pugs are originally thought to be from China, with traders taking them all around the globe. Today, you can find these short, squashed and wrinkled-faced breeds all around the world. They are particularly highly favoured by the British and European royal families.
Today, there are many pugs in Nigeria, and you can buy one here. This post has been created to give you an insight into all you need to know about this unique-looking dog breed.
A Brief History of the Pug
As already mentioned, Pugs are believed to have their origin from Asia, particularly China, and was a popular pet for the Chinese Emperors of the Chou dynasty who reigned between 827 to 782 BC. The pug was bred as a unique lap-dog and companions for the Chinese royalty. Pugs were of such great value that they were treated with luxury and secured by the Chinese army. They started becoming popular in other parts of Asia and were also used as pets by Buddhist monks who kept them in their monasteries.
In the 16th to 17th centuries, pugs began to gain popularity in Europe when the Chinese started to trade with European countries. The Dutch traders were the first to bring the pug named Mopshond to Europe. In 1572, the pug became the House of Orange’s official dog for saving the life of a prince by tipping him off about oncoming assassins. When William III went to take the throne in England, he took his pugs with him. The pug’s popularity began to spread across Europe, and it bore different names in various countries. The pug is known as Carlin in France. In Spain, the pug was called Dogullo. In Germany, it was called Mops, while in Italy, it was referred to as Caganlino.
Pugs; From China To Europe And To America
Pugs became the standard breed in England in the 1800s, with two breed lines becoming popular. And in 1861, when they were exhibited, the first studbook on pugs was compiled with some 66 pugs making the maiden volume. In China, pugs continued to be used as a royal breed. When the Chinese imperial palace was invaded by the British in 1860, pugs were part of the loot. During the Victorian era, pugs were popular as they were often represented in paintings. Queen Victoria herself bred many pugs, and the apricot-fawn was her favourite.
In the United States, pugs became popular after the civil war, and it was given recognition in 1885 by the American Kennel Club (AKC). Their popularity waned by the turn of the century, but a few breeders continued to breed it. As time went by, it regained its popularity. Pugs also became popular in South Africa, and the breed is sometimes referred to as Mopshond. Even though some people debate the origin of the pug from China, the fact remains that pug existed a long time ago, making it one of the earliest dog breeds, preceded only by the greyhound.
Quick Facts About Pugs
In this section, see below some basic, interesting and fun facts about pugs in Nigeria:
- The pug is generally short, with a squashed and wrinkled face, with a set of big eyes; for this reason, the pug is said to be brachycephalic.
- Their tails are tightly curled, with a short and smooth coat.
- They are about 10 to 11 inches in height and weigh about 6 – 8kg.
- They have funny wrinkled face and big dark eyes. Its name is derived from a Latin word that means “fist” because of its facial resemblance to a human fist.
- They love to be given attention and are usually heartsick when abandoned.
- According to legends, the pug’s wrinkles are prized by the Chinese because it was seen as a symbol of good luck.
- The moles on the cheeks of the pug are referred to as “beauty spots”.
- The pug has a generally happy and affectionate personality. They are intelligent, but at the same time willful, because of this, their training may take time.
- Due to their facial built, pugs do not thrive well in hot or cold weathers and are best left indoors.
- Pugs are poor at swimming due to their short legs and breathing difficulty.
- Pugs have double coats.