The Border Collie, also known as the BC is a breed of medium to large-sized herding dog. The Border Collie is physically defined by its slightly rounded skull, and in almost all cases has a black nose. They are well proportioned dogs with strong limbs and flat muscling across their back giving them speed and agility. Border Collies have a double coat with a short, dense outer coat that lies flat against the body, plus an undercoat that provides insulation against both coldness and hot weather. Border collies come in one color combination which is overwhelmingly white with tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, inside the ears, legs, chest and black patches at the base of his tail.
The Border Collie was developed in the Border country of south west Scotland and north east England, a narrow strip of land along the border with England where sheep farming is prevalent. Border Collies are thought to be descended from a variety of herding dog types which includes the Bearded Collie, Old English Sheepdog, Heelers and perhaps Dingoes. Border Collies have been exported from the UK since 1873.
The Border Collie was recognized by The Kennel Club (UK) in 1960 under their original name “Reid Trials” type, but following objections from the Register of Societies keeping dogs under that name it was re-registered as Border Collie on 7 February 1969 after revisions were made to breed standards. In 2003, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the Border Collie, but under the name “Australian Shepherd”. The Border Collie is one of the most successful dog breeds in conformation shows. It has ranked among the top ten most popular breeds in the United States since 1999.
The Border Collie is a medium to large sized dog with a body that is slightly longer than tall when measured from breast bone to buttocks and from withers to ground. The head should be moderately rounded with a broad skull and a strong muzzle that tapers towards the nose, which should have black pigmentation. Underneath the chin should be clearly defined without being exaggerated by excess skin or fur. They are well proportioned dogs with strong limbs and flat muscling across their back giving them speed and agility. Border Collies have a double coat with a short, dense outer coat that lies flat against the body, plus an undercoat that provides insulation against both coldness and hot weather. Border collies come in one color combination which is overwhelmingly white with tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, inside the ears, legs, chest and black patches at the base of his tail.
Border Collies are taller than they are long (like humans)
Border Collies should give off an athletic impression; this means lean muscles combined with enough bulk to handle large amounts of weight for extended periods of time without getting worn out or injured. The ideal Border Collie should between 35-60 pounds (16-27 kg). Border Collies are slightly longer than they are tall. Border Collies should be very strong and robust; appearing taller than they actually are. Border collies, like humans, have a wider head at the brow and more narrowing at the muzzle. This gives them an intelligent but friendly appearance.
Other Border Collie colors
There is only one color combination for Border Collies (and that’s white with tan markings) however there are some other colors in certain Border Collie lines which includes black & white, red & white, blue merle (black), tricolor (white/tan/black), sable (medium-dark brown over each eye), black & tan (a rich mahogany on top of head and down body), and wolf sable (a mix of gray, charcoal, and silver). Border Collies should have solid color or white with colored markings. Border Collies who do not meet breed standards as show dogs but win in the field are called Dual Champions.
Border collies must be very intelligent as they were bred as working herding dogs that had to be easily trained. They are good-natured, loyal, affectionate, gentle, patient family companions that are more active than other dog breeds their size. Border collies are one of the most active dog breeds which means it is best to get this dog an outlet for his energy by taking him on long walks daily or giving him some play time in the backyard. Border Collies are extremely intelligent dogs which means they are not the best type of dogs for people who don’t have time to train them or simply want a dog that will sit on the sofa all day long. Border collies are herding dogs which means they have an instinctive desire to herd animals, therefore it is important to teach your Border Collie puppy early not to nip at people’s heels as he naturally wants to run around and herd his friends. Border collies are bred with high energy levels so live play with other Border collie dogs is very important for their mental health and happiness just like with Border collie puppies who need lots of attention from humans
Border Collies communicate through subtle body language combining facial expressions and physical movements. Border collies express themselves through soft eyes, a rigid body posture or a confident swagger
Border Collie activity
Border Collies require plenty of daily exercise to keep them happy and healthy as they were bred to work on farms herding sheep all day long. Border collies have an insatiable energy that needs to be used up by either going for a nice run or playing with other Border Collie dogs. Border collies are best suited to life in the country where there is lots of open space so they can run around as much as they want without being scolded for making noise. Border collies who don’t get enough exercise quickly become bored and destructive so it is best to take them out for some fun in the fields regularly Border Collies are working dogs which means they have a very high energy level. Border collies should be taken for walks to tire them out at least twice a day, but going on long runs is even better Border Collie puppies grow up to be great family dogs that everyone loves to play with and especially children
Border Collies are one of the most intelligent dog breeds in existence and require a lot of exercise or else they get into trouble around the house. Border Collie puppies must be trained early not to nip at people’s heels as he instinctively wants to herd his friends. Border collies are active dogs that enjoy playing fetch together with their humans more than anything else if possible. Border collies can also be trained to do tricks like howling along with humans or playing dead Border Collies are one of the most active dog breeds.